Q: What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic Brain injury (TBI) is defined as an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external force, resulting in a change in level of consciousness or an anatomical abnormality of the brain and does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital degenerative or induced by birth trauma. TBI occurs suddenly in the course of normal development, leaving a person significantly changed. Damage to the brain is usually diffuse and widespread (Not typically resulting in one kind of deficit) but is not global. And, the brain’s ability to be aware of the changes incurred is frequently impaired. These underlying facts that constitute the basic commonality between individuals with TBI are the very same facts that make these individuals different from those born with mental retardation and other developmental disabilities.

Q: What are the Neurological impairments?
Neurological impairments are various disorders that relate to the central nervous system and occur during childhood or adolescence. People with neurological impairments may experience a variety of learning difficulties or social behavioral problems. They also may have special care needs because of problems in muscular control. Neurological impairments can be difficult to diagnose and to treat.

Q: What is Autism?
Autism is a developmental disorder with an unknown cause that limits learning and shows intellectual development. Although individuals with Autism tend to be different, many of them are unable to socialize.

Q: What Epilepsy?
Epilepsy, sometimes referred to seizure disorder, results due to various abnormal electrical discharge of brain cells. The diagnosis of epilepsy requires the presence of recurrent, unprovoked seizures.

Q: What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to any one of a number of brain disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood. These disorders can permanently affect body movement and muscle coordination but don’t worsen over time. Individuals diagnosed with CP may have one of the following characteristics: difficulty with muscular coordination recurrent seizures or non-verbal impairments.

Q: What is Mental Retardation?
Individuals who show learning delays, a slower pace of learning and difficulty in applying learning skills are thought to have mental retardation. Mental retardation can be the result of various factors during early childhood years.

Q: What are Developmental Disabilities?
During childhood, a barrage of conditions that become apparent and cause mental or physical limitations include autism, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, mental retardation and other neurological impairments are considered a developmental disability. Developmental disabilities may prevent individuals from learning quickly and/or expressing themselves as clearly as other individuals. Some people may have multiple disabilities that might limit mobile ability and the ability facilitate basic day to day needs. Development disabilities have numerous causes, which can occur before, during, or after birth. Post birth defects include genetic problems, poor prenatal care or exposure of the fetus to toxic elements, drugs, or alcohol. Other causes of developmental disabilities include traumatic brain injuries triggered by events such as cut off oxygen supply to an unborn baby or incidents after birth such as car accidents.

Q: How Can I Apply for Employment with Elmy’s Special Services?
Visit our careers page.

Q: How Can I Enroll My Loved One in an Elmy’s Special Services Program?
To enroll in one of our programs contact Elmys Special Services at (718)-789-7539 or via email at services@elmysspecialservices.org

Q: What Services does Elmy’s Special Services inc. Provide?
Elmy’s Special Services provides a variety of services including but not limited to: Day Hab, Residential Services, Community Habilitation, Respite, After-school Programs, Summer Camp, Family Support, Reimbursement, B2H/NHTD and Home Care Services














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Phone: (718) 789-7539

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